Skin Cancer Treatment

What is Skin Cancer Treatment?

There are many treatments for skin cancer. Several factor must be considered to select a treatment such as type of skin cancer, where the skin cancer appears on the body, whether the skin cancer is aggressive or not, stage of the cancer and patient’s health.

    • Surgical Treatment

There are several ways to remove skin cancer through surgical such as:

      • Excision

Dermatologist numbs the skin and then surgically cuts out the skin cancer and a small amount of normal-looking skin. This normal-looking skin is called a margin.

      • Mohs surgery

Mohs surgery begins with the surgeon removing the visible part of the skin cancer. This is because cancer cells are not visible to the naked eye, the surgeon also removes some skin that looks normal but many contain cancer cells. This part only performed one layer at a time. This layer by layer approach continues until the surgeon no longer finds cancer cells.

      • Curettage and electrodesiccation

These types of surgical may be used to treat small basal cell and squamous skin cancer. This process involves scraping the tumor with a curette (a surgical instrument shaped like a long spoon) and then using an electric needle to gently cauterize (burn) the remaining cancer cells and some normal-looking tissue. This scrapping and cauterizing process is typically repeated 3 times.

      • Immunotherapy

This treatment uses the patient’s own immune system to fight the cancer. People with skin cancer will applies a cream (generic name is imiquimod) to the skin as directed by the dermatologist.

      • Cryosurgery

This treatment will freeze the skin cancer. Freezing destroys the treated area, causing the skin and cancer cells to slough off.

    • Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is the treatment to kill the cancer cells. When a patient gets chemotherapy, the patient takes medicine. This medicine may be swallowed, injected (shots), or infused (given with an IV). The medicine also destroys some normal cells.

    • Photodynamic therapy

This treatment includes two process which is the first process is a chemical applied to the skin cancer. This chemical sits on the skin cancer for several hours. The second process is skin cancer is exposed to a special light. This light destroys the cancer cells.

    • Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy gradually destroys the cancer cells through repeat exposure to radiation. It usually used to treat older adults who have a large skin cancer, skin cancers that cover a large area, or a skin cancer that is difficult to surgically remove. A patient may received 15 to 30 treatments.

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SKIN CANCER TREATMENT

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